Archive | November 2013

Alopecia Treatment, Diagnosis, Causes of Alopecia, Symptoms

What Is Alopecia? Alopecia is a medical term used to define the condition of hair loss. Hair loss may involve head or any other part of the body. Alopecia may be completely natural or may occur as a result of some underlying disease. Some drugs and medications may also lead to it. Most common type of alopecia is the male-pattern baldness, associated with hormonal imbalance. Female-pattern baldness involves thinning over the head’s top. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition characterized by patches of hair loss particularly from head or in advanced stages the whole body as a result of antibodies directed against hair follicles. Anagen effluvium is the hair loss associated with cancer chemotherapy.

Androgenic Alopecia:

Androgenic Alopecia is a typical kind of hair loss in together man and womens. In males, this situation is also called male-pattern hair loss.

Alopecia Universalis:

Alopecia universalis is a situation described by the whole loss of hair on the scalp and body. It is a propelled sort of alopecia, a situation that causes round patches of hair loss.

ALOPECIA CAUSES:
In male-pattern baldness or androgenic alopecia, the cause lies in the androgens of male sex hormones. The condition is considered hereditary in nature and is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with mixed penetrance. It is characterized by patterned receding hair line along the lateral side of forehead and thinning hair over the crown. Malnutrition, limited intake of food and absence of minerals and vitamins like zinc, biotin, proteins and poor iron metabolism are also included in alopecia causes. Other causes include drugs for blood pressure, cholesterol diabetes, heart diseases and cancer chemotherapy. Infections particularly fungal, stress, trauma, chronic inflammation and pollution also activate the propensity of hair loss and constitute as alopecia causes.

ALOPECIA SYMPTOMS:
Alopecia presents as excessive daily hair loss and thinning of hair confirmed by more hair left behind in brush after combing than usual or after washing in the basin. Therefore skin lesions, scarring and dandruff along with hair loss constitutes as alopecia symptoms. Seborrheic dermatitis and cystic acne resulting from same hormonal imbalances that cause alopecia are sometimes prominent. Features of psychological stress as a result of poor appearance due to hair loss are commonly found typically at the onset of alopecia. Person may feel isolated and lose control frequently due to changes in body image and self-concept.
ALOPECIA DIAGNOSIS:
Diagnosis of advanced alarming cases can be done by trichoscopy, daily hair counts, biopsy of scalps, pull and pluck tests. Alopecia diagnosis will reveal diffused hair loss in different areas, pattern of baldness along with thinning of hair.
ALOPECIA TREATMENT:
Alopecia treatment regimen is based on medical and surgical approach. Allopathic medications such as minoxidil, finasteride, immunosuppressants, corticosteroids and hormonal regulators such as oral contraceptives in female pattern hair loss are associated with side effects. Hair loss returns as soon as these drugs are stopped however Alopecia herbal product, composed of pure natural herbs offers a widespread usage and better treatment in this regard. Side effects such as scalp irritation, increased facial hair, contact dermatitis, erectile dysfunction, loss of sex drive, gynecomastia, myopathy seen in allopathic drugs are not observed by the long term usage of Alopecia herbal product. It shows its result within 20-25 days. Hair transplants, hairline lowering and scalp reduction are expensive surgical techniques and require several sessions which may be a source of continuous exertion for the patient. Alopecia herbal product decreases the need of such advanced procedures. Wigs can absorb heat, change color or become frizzy after some time. Alopecia treatment by alopecia herbal product thus provides a better management of the condition.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Polymyalgia rheumatica can be defined as an inflammatory condition causing muscle pain and stiffness. The literal meaning of word poly means multiple and myalgia means muscle pain so this condition refers to multiple muscular pains. Primary effected sites are shoulders, neck, upper arm and hip. The one set of signs and symptoms is acute with quick progression usually within two weeks. It is commonly an old age disease effecting people above age of 65, rarely occurs below 50 years of age. Polymyalgia rheumatica is associated with giant cell arthritis usually affecting temporal artery thus causing symptoms like headaches, vision difficulties and jaw pain. It is also known as PMR.

Polymyalgia rheumatica symptoms: This disease equally effects both side of the body characterized by aches and stiffness in neck upper arm buttocks and thighs. The stiffness is more intense in the morning, after long periods of inactivity and after long time sitting in one position. The intense stiffness can lead to disturbed sleep. Limited range of motion is one of the polymyalgia rheumatica symptoms. Less commonly it can present as pain and stiffness in wrist or knees. The general associated symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica are mild or low grade fever, fatigue, malaise, anorexia, weight loss and depression.

Polymyalgia rheumatica causes: The exact polymyalgia rheumatica causes are unknown but two things seems to effect its appearance. Genetic polymorphism in HLA-DRB1*04 alleles, interleukin-1 gene, tumor necrosis factor – alpha gene, interleukin-6 gene and RANTES and some environmental triggers such as virus or seasonal effects are suspected as new cases develop in cycles. Systemic macrophages and T-cell activation is the characteristic of this disease with elevated IL-6 levels causing inflammation of joints and bursae. Giant cell arthritis is closely associated with polymyalgia rheumatica where 15% of people having polymyalgia rheumatica also have GCA while 50% of GCA patients have polymyalgia rheumatica.

Polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosis: Although polymyalgia rheumatica causes pain and stiffness in muscles, all tests performed on muscles such as electromyography and biopsy are normal so the polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosis is done on the basis of general physical examination and tests for diagnosis of inflammation such as increase WBC count in blood CP, ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate), C-reactive protein test, MRI and ultrasound. If signs of GCA are also present then biopsy of temporal artery is done for the diagnosis.

Polymyalgia rheumatica complications: Polymyalgia rheumatica is rarely associated with complications as it is a self limiting disease and with proper treatment this disease can be managed in maximum three years. Polymyalgia rheumatica complications, rather rare, usually arise due to accelerated atherosclerosis associated with uncontrolled systemic inflammation and can lead to mortality.

Polymyalgia rheumatica treatment: Usually corticosteroid therapy is recommended to bring done inflammation which seems to be the main cause of the symptoms but it is associated with several side-effects such as steroid psychosis, anxiety   , depression,  hypertension, muscle wasting, hyperglycemia, steroid induced osteoporosis, peptic ulcer, cataract and retinopathies. Polymyalgia rheumatica herbal product is the best available polymyalgia rheumatica treatment as it relieves symptoms earlier and is not associated with any complications. Polymyalgia rheumatica herbal product is even safe for use during pregnancy.