Archive | December 2013

Peyronie’s Disease Treatment, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Causes

Peyronie’s disease is a disorder of connective tissue causing chronic inflammation of tunica albuginea of the penis. As a result, fibrous scar tissue grows in the soft tissues producing abnormal bends in the penis at the time of erection. In advanced cases, the penis will be abnormally curved causing pain during erection. These fibrous plaques in the connective tissue sheath are responsible for the erectile dysfunction, the most prominent feature associated with peyronie’s disease.

  • PEYRONIE’S DISEASE CAUSES:

The exact cause of peyronies disease is not known but multiple factors have been held accountable for the development of this disease. Among peyronies causes, the most widely accepted cause has been attributed to be the tissue injury or rupture of a blood vessel in the penis during sexual intercourse. The person might not even feel the trauma but the growth of scar tissue or rupturing of vessels produce powerful painful bends during erection leading to erectile dysfunction. The disease transmission has also the hereditary tendency being transferred from parents to offspring via defective genes. Certain drugs such as beta-blockers can also lead to this condition as its side-effect.

  • PEYRONIE’S DISEASE SYMPTOMS:

The disease is commonly seen in middle-aged men but can also occur in older men or younger age group. The progression of the disease may be slow or have sudden onset developing overnight. It is non-recognizable when the penis is soft. However during erection, penis becomes curved due to fibrous plaque along with pain. Pain in some cases may be mild and eventually disappear. The plaques may sometimes also be present in some other elastic tissues of the body such as hands and legs. Other peyronie’s symptoms include narrowing of penis, shortening of penis, difficulty in penis expansion, inability to perform during sexual intercourse because it becomes difficult to maintain posture, pain during intercourse and problems with penetration.

  • PEYRONIE’S DISEASE DIAGNOSIS:

It can be easily recognized by the general practitioner or urologist through physical examination of penis. In peyronies disease diagnosis, ultrasound gives conclusive proof of the condition making evident the fibrous scar tissue injury. Sometimes biopsy is indicated by the clinician if there is rapid advancement of the disease in order to rule out any malignancy.

  • PEYRONIE’S DISEASE TREATMENT:

In most cases of peyronie’s disease, treatment is not required and the condition resolves on its own with in a period of few years. If the pain is mild and there is no difficulty in performing sexual intercourse, no treatment is prescribed to the patient. In other cases, the peyronies treatment by combined therapy with colchicine and vitamin E has proved to be quite effective. Surgical treatment is advised in advanced forms. Manual stretching self-administered by the patient and devices are now being studied but are not preferably prescribed by doctors due to their harmful side-effects. Peyronie’s disease treatment herbal product is free of such side-effects and leads to rapid and complete cure of painful bends in the penis owing to the presence of pure herbs in the mixture.  It is a trusted product for miraculous recovery of peyronies disease.

Graves Disease Treatment, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes of Graves Disease

What is Grave’s disease? is an autoimmune disorder of thyroid gland characterized by overproduction of thyroid hormones in the body hence hyperthyroidism results. Abnormal immune cells called autoantibodies are present and circulate in the blood. Thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins (TSI’S) bind to thyroid hormone receptors and stimulate them resulting in over-activity of the gland and hyperplasia of the thyroglobulin in thyroid follicles, which increases the production and release of thyroid hormones, thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine. Thyroid hormones are responsible for many normal metabolic functions of the body hence their increase leads to serious metabolic complications which may prove fatal if not treated and controlled in time.

Graves’ ophthalmopathy:

Graves’ ophthalmopathy frequently show at the similar time as hyperthyroidism or several months later. other than signs and symptoms of ophthalmopathy might appear years before or after the onset of hyperthyroidism. Graves’ ophthalmopathy can occur too even if there’s no hyperthyroidism.

  • GRAVE’S DISEASE CAUSES:

Grave’s disease causes occur as a result of imbalanced disease-regulating immune system of the body. Exact cause of immune system dysfunction and aberrant antibodies is not known but several factors are responsible for the disease’s origin and associated reactions. Hereditary factor is dominant in most cases. These abnormal antibodies mimic thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in function hence stimulating thyroid gland to release a large amount of thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3) in blood. This causes the thyroid gland to increase in size accordingly. This elevated hormonal release affects the major systems of the body such as heart, circulation, nervous system and skin. Disturbances in the body temperature, menstrual cycles and body’s muscles play a prominent role in occurrence of grave’s disease.

  • GRAVE’S DISEASE SYMTOMS:

Most common in women over the age of 20 years but it can occur in any age and can affect men too. Most women are affected immediately after childbirth. Grave’s disease is associated with multiple organs dysfunctions in the body. Prominent swelling in the neck due to thyroid enlargement (goiter) and pretibial myxedema constitutes an important manifestation of Graves’ disease symptoms. Bulging out of eyes (exophthalmos) is prominent indication of thyroid hormones excess. Anxiety, psychosis, mania, irritability, insomnia, fatigue and tremors are commonly seen. Weight loss despite of heavy eating, loss of libido, heat intolerance, excessive sweating diarrhea, abnormality in bowel habits, alterations in menstrual cycles, erectile dysfunction, reddish thick skin all result due to abnormal metabolic effects produced by surge of  thyroid hormones in the body. Cardiac pathologies present as arrhythmias, sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillations, hypertension and premature ventricular contractions.

  • GRAVE’S DISEASE DIAGNOSIS:

It is diagnosed in accordance to its clinical manifestations. Two important signs of Grave’s disease diagnosis are exophthalmia and non-pitting edema (pretibial myxedema). Enlarged goiter can been visualized by naked eye or by phsycial examination but can be seen by ultrasound of thyroid and CT scan as well. Thyroid hormones in blood are serologically measured.

  • GRAVE’S DISEASE TREATMENT:

Grave’s disease treatment options include anti-thyroid drugs, surgical excision of thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) and radioactive iodine. Agranulocytosis is a fatal side-effect of anti-thyroid agents which makes the patient immune-compromised and susceptible to infections. Radioactive iodine is a slow treatment option and does not lead to complete cure. Its side effects include hypothyroidism. Grave’s disease herbal product is not associated with any such risks of therapy and helps in complete cure of the condition through the advantageous effects of its herbal mixture. It combats effectively against its symptoms without harming any other organs of the body.

Myasthenia Gravis Treatment, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis

Myasthenia gravis is a chronic neuromuscular autoimmune disorder of muscles and the nerves which are supplying them. Muscle weakness and fatigue are prominent features. Rapid muscle fatigue occurs as a result of autoantibodies created against acetylcholine receptors at postsynaptic neuromuscular junctions. Excitatory effect of acetylcholine is thus blocked at these junctions leading to progressive muscular weakness. Varying degrees of voluntary skeletal muscles weakness are present in the patients.

Ocular myasthenia gravis:

Ocular myasthenia gravis is another type of myasthenia gravis (MG) in which the muscles that progress the eyes and handle the eyelids are easily fatigued and weakened.

  • MYASTHENIA GRAVIS CAUSES:

It can affect an individual of any age however it most commonly affects the women below 40 and older men above 60 years of age. This disease is neither directly inherited nor is it contagious. Myasthenia gravis causes features the imperfection or miscommunication between the muscles and the nerves that are supplying it. Muscle contraction is brought about by binding of acetylcholine (Ach) at neuromuscular junctions. Sometime incorrect instructions by the body’s thymus gland leads to development of defective immune cells called autoantibodies which act against the body’s own Ach receptors ultimately altering or destroying them preventing the normal muscles to contract effectively.

  • MYASTHENIA GRAVIS SYMPTOMS:

Myasthenia gravis symptoms are produced as a result of faulty and inadequate contraction of voluntary muscle group (skeletal muscles). Onset may be sudden and not recognized immediately as myasthenia gravis. Damage to ocular muscles manifest as drooping of eyelids (ptosis) and blurring of vision. In face and throat muscle, patient experiences difficulty in speaking, chewing, swallowing along with abnormal facial expressions. Patient may choke or gag as a result of weak pharyngeal muscles. In chest, breathing difficulties result. Weakness in arms, hands, fingers, neck and legs is felt. Person waddles when walk due to leg muscle weakness. Sometimes it becomes very difficult for the patient to hold up his head as a result of weakening of muscles in the neck.

  • MYASTHENIA GRAVIS DIAGNOSIS:

The important signs and symptom experienced by the patient helps in early Myasthenia Gravis diagnosis and treatment. Medical history along with adequate physical and neurological examinations is carried out. Special blood tests reveal Ach autoantibodies in the circulating blood. Edrophonium test using intravenous injection of edrophonium chloride briefly corrects muscle weakness hence an important diagnostic test. Impaired nerve-muscle transmission is diagnosed by single fibre electromyography. X-ray chest, CT and MRI should be done for presence and identification of thymoma.

  • MYASTHENIA GRAVIS TREATMENT:

No complete cure is yet present but it is an effectively manageable condition. Myasthenia gravis treatment is based on its control. Anticholinestrase agents such as neostigmine and physostigmine are prescribed to improve muscle strengths. Immunosuppressants are given to lower antibodies level thus improving muscle functions but it is associated with great amounts of side-effects and risk. Thymectomy is performed to surgically remove thymus in advanced uncontrollable cases or if a tumor of thymus is present. Myasthenia gravis herbal product, made up of pure natural herbs, helps to fight fatigue and immensely improves other associated symptoms. There are no size-effects of this herbal product. It also prevents the patient from going through painful surgical operation of thymus removal by efficiently controlling and curing the disease. The herbal mixture improves the neuromuscular transmission and serves as an amazing treatment for this ailment.

Seborrheic Keratosis Treatment, Symptoms, Causes of Seborrheic Keratosis

Seborrheic keratosis is a medical term used to define a benign dermatological condition characterized by the presence of harmless skin lesions appearing during the adulthood. Seborrheic keratosis is also known by other names such as basal cell papilloma, senile warts or brown warts. These are non-cancerous in nature, which rarely or almost never turn into malignant growths. They mostly appear singly or sometimes in groups giving a stuck-on appearance, found in areas such as shoulder, face, neck or chest. They begin as waxy, scaly masses which gradually thicken to take on a warty look. Color darkens with time and turns black which might be misdiagnosed as melanoma. Commonly found in sunlight exposed areas by epidermal proliferation of cells.

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SEBORRHEIC KERATOSIS:

It is more common in females due to the increased incidence found in pregnant women and in females who are undergoing estrogen replacement therapies, constituting epidemiology of seborrheic keratosis. The incidence of seborrheic keratosis increases with age. Almost all elderly people have at least one or two of these growths. Africans or people with darker skin tone have less chances of developing seborrheic keratosis.

CAUSES OF SEBORRHEIC KERATOSIS:

Exact etiology is not known but sunlight has been attributed to be the most common cause of seborrheic keratosis. Non-sunlight exposed areas can also show appearance of these warts in some cases. Genetic alterations in genes encoding for epidermal growth factor receptors have been identified. It also has some familial tendency. It occurs commonly in pregnant women. It resembles a dab of candle wax on skin and non-contagious in nature.

SYMPTOMS OF SEBORRHEIC KERATOSIS:

Light brownish macular lesion, flat and sharply defined in appearance is how seborrheic keratosis lesions initiate. They may be more numerous or few in number. Lesions have their color ranging from light tan to brown to black. They change their appearance from velvety to verrucous surface as they grow constituting an important symptom of seborrheic keratosis. They sometimes itch or catch and rub on garments to cause discomfort, irritation and inflammation. Occurrence is common on almost any body part except for palm, soles and mucous membranes.

Seborrheic Keratosis Removal:

The good obsession concerning Seborrheic Keratosis Removal is that it is not tough nor it is troubling. It is only stylish subtle parts that will just create you feel terrible at the mental level, yet it doesn’t damage, so you ought to be cheerful of this.

TREATMENT OF SEBORRHEIC KERATOSIS:

Seborrheic keratosis treatment is usually not required for it being such a harmless condition of skin, but they might present as a problem for some people who are more considered about their external appearance because of its size and presence on visible areas of the body. These growths might also be perceived by the patient as a sign of aging making him mentally distressed. Unnecessary touching or rubbing of these warts is prohibited by the doctor. These growths can be removed by surgical excision, cryotherapy or laser procedures leaving behind only little or almost no scar. Seborrheic keratosis herbal product cures the condition by decreasing the growth of these masses, leaving behind a smooth healthy skin. No side effects are associated with this herbal product on account of its formation from pure herbs and plant extracts. It provides a chance to escape from painful surgical procedures.

Lichen Planus Treatment, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Causes of Lichen Planus

What is Lichen planus?, a chronic dermatological disorder characterized by presence of recurrent rash on the mucous membrane or skin that is similar to lichens in appearance. The inflammation is initiated on account of an unknown cause. These rashes are polygonal, small flat-surfaced papules that grow as rough, thickened scaly plaques with interspersed lacy white lines on the skin surface or mucous membrane. It mostly appears on arm and legs as pinkish or purple non-infectious lesions which are itchy but can be present on other parts of the body as well like scalp, nails, mouth or genitalia. Once the rash disappears, usually in about months or years, it leaves behind a hyper-pigmented area that regresses slowly.

Erosive Lichen Planus:

Erosive Lichen Planus is a situation that influences the mouth, throat and anogenital area. It is brought on by an over‐active invulnerable immune system. It is frequently extra complex and crippling than the non‐erosive sorts of lichen planus. Contingent upon the site included, influenced individuals may knowledge pain, and problem eating.

Medical recovery of Oral Lichen Planus is key for the administration of excruciating, erythematous, bullous sores or erosive.

 EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LICHEN PLANUS:

Cutaneous variety of lichen planus affects women more than men however some studies show it can affect both sexes equally, constituting epidemiology of lichen planus.

CAUSES OF LICHEN PLANUS:

Autoimmunity or some unknown environmental triggering agent has been attributed to have caused lichen planus but the exact cause is not yet determined. Development of these lesions occurs as a result of associated underlying inflammation. Medications such as anti-malarial agents, beta-blockers, thiazide diuretics along with dyes, chemicals, pigments, gold, iodides, mercury etc are considered as the most important causes of lichen planus. Some people with hepatitis B and C and other chronic liver diseases have increased chances of developing lichen planus. Flu vaccinations of certain types are also associated with the cause of lichen planus.

LICHEN PLANUS SYMPTOMS:

Lichen planus oral presents with bluish white painful tender pimples or bumps with a netted appearance which are seen to form a lace-like network on the outer surfaces of gums, lips, tongue and insides of the cheeks. They eventually turn into papules, bullous, ulcers, patches or areas of atrophy inside the mouth. Dryness and metallic taste in the mouth are common complaints of the patients. Cutaneous type affects the scalp, hair, nails and extremities. These flat topped papules of about 3mm to 5mm in diameter with whitish streaks called wickham’s striae are shinny in appearance. Onset is abrupt and last for long time. Extreme itching at night and scalp hair loss are important lichen planus symptoms. Nails will show irregular longitudinal grooving, thinning, shedding and atrophic changes in its bed. Mucosal variety of lichen planus is associated with inflammation of genitals and esophagus.

LICHEN PLANUS TREATMENT:

No specific cure is present but it is a reasonably controllable condition. Lichen planus treatment is aimed at reassuring the patient of condition being of benign origin and symptomatic care of the lesions. In 6-9 months the disease usually resolves spontaneously for cutaneous cases and a little while longer for mucosal variety. Corticosteroids are prescribed to the patient to control inflammation and care of oral hygiene is stressed upon. Vitamin A ointments, creams, anti-histamines, skin dressings and in some cases UV light therapy is included as a part of treatment regimen but all are associated with side effects and post therapy pain. Lichen planus herbal product promptly cures the condition leaving behind soft, smooth skin, improving the cosmetic appearance along with the permanent relief from the symptoms of this inflammatory condition. No side effect is associated with the use of this product.

Actinic Keratosis Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis

What is Actinic keratosis? also known as solar keratosis, is the disorder of the skin characterized by the presence of small, scaly, elevated reddish bumps over the skin due to prolonged exposure to the sunlight. It most commonly affects the fair complexioned and neat skinned people. It is a pre-malignant condition which ultimately leads to skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma variety. Thick, crusty lesions appear over the sunlight exposed areas of the body such as face, hands, legs, scalp, lips, ears, neck and back. It is of four different types which are hyperkeratotic, pigmented, lichenoid and atropic actinic keratosis.

ACTINIC KERATOSIS CAUSES:

Among the most important actinic keratosis causes is long term exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun. It affects the superficial layer of the skin. Sunlight has a cumulative effect on the epidermis of the skin. Even brief period of exposure by the sunlight adds to the total of lifetime. The risk of actinic keratosis increases if a person is above 60 years of age, has fair complexion, blue eyes, blond or red hair, have undergone kidney transplant in the past, have the history of repeated sunburns, chronically exposed to sunlight or is infected with human papilloma virus(HPV). Albinos and organ donor recipients most commonly develop it even after the brief exposure to the sun. In tanning salons, ultraviolet rays from the lamps are now considered by dermatologists to be more dangerous than sunlight.

ACTINIC KERATOSIS SYMPTOMS:

Actinic keratosis symptoms usually appear on sun exposed areas of the body. Skin changes begin as scaly, thick, patchy lesions less than 1 inch in diameter. The crusty ‘scale’ on top is often whitish or yellowish in color. The growths may be reddish, pinkish or of the same color as surrounding skin. They present as wart-like roughened surfaces which can be easily felt than seen. Occasionally they produce pricking sensation along with itching. There is inflammation and hyperemia of the involved area. In rare instances, bleeding from actinic keratosis lesions can occur.

ACTINIC KERATOSIS DIAGNOSIS:

Actinic keratosis diagnosis is visually based initially. Comfirmed diagnosis can be obtained by skin biopsy. Skin biopsy provides the accurate idea of transformation of actinic keratosis into a squamous cell carcinoma, also distinguishes it from other skin diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis.

ACTINIC KERATOSIS PREVENTION:

Actinic keratosis prevention includes: Avoidance of excessive exposure to the sunlight particularly at noon when the UV rays from the sun are at its maximum, use of sun screens and sun blocks containing SPF ratings higher than 30, wearing of sunlight protecting garments such as caps, hats, long-sleeved shirts and trousers.

ACTINIC KERATOSIS TREATMENT:

Various forms of treatments are present for actinic keratosis, including drugs such as ingenol mebutate, diclofenic sodium, 5-fluorouracil, cryosurgery, laser, electrocautery and photodynamic therapy. Actinic keratosis treatment when it has become a cancerous growth requires burning, scraping away the lesion, excision of the tumor and freezing. However all of these are associated with great degree of side effects and painful after effects. Actinic keratosis herbal product is made up of various natural herbs which can provide ultimate cure and clear benefits in the skin diseases. It improves the texture of the skin along with the decrease in lesions.

Benign essential tremor treatment, causes, symptoms and diagnosis

Uncontrolled shaking of any part of the body usually limbs is called benign essential tremor. These tremors are more visible during the performance of voluntary activities. The disease can target person of any age but people above age of 40 are mostly affected. Benign essential tremor is divisible in two types postural tremor which are caused due to certain position while kinetic tremors causes shaking while doing some activity. It is differentiated from Parkinson’s as the tremors are not prominent during stationary state, tremors are not associated with other diseases and legs and chin are normally not involved. It is also known as presenile tremor syndrome.


Benign essential tremor causes:
The benign essential tremor causes is not yet known but experiments shows that it is due to inherited genetic mutation. The main defect is in cerebellum, cerebellothalamocortical circuits and purkinje cell where degenerative changes and cell loss occurs.
Benign essential tremor symptoms:
The main benign essential tremor symptoms is shaking or uncontrolled movement in hands arms and head causing difficulty in performance of fine motor skills such as sewing, drawing, writing etc. Shaking in voice is also observed. These symptoms have gradual onset. As a person ages, the tremor frequency decreases and its intensity increases. In very few cases tremors stay mild throughout the life.


Benign essential tremor diagnosis:
Benign essential tremor diagnosis:is mainly done on the bases of medical and family history. Neurological tests to check reflexes, muscle strength and gait are done. Performance tests are also done to determine neurological function. Lab tests include thyroid function test, complete blood CP, alcohol levels and levels of tremor causing chemicals.
Benign essential tremor treatment:
Medical benign essential tremor treatment is multi drug therapy including beta blockers, anti-seizure drugs and anti psychotics which have many side effects. Benign essential tremor herbal product is made up to totally natural herbs and free of any unwanted side effects. Surgical brain stimulation can also be done but it can causes motor control problems such as speech difficulties, headaches and weakness. This is why benign essential tremor herbal product should be used for the treatment. It can alone take care of all the symptoms.
Benign essential tremor complications:
Benign essential tremor is not fatal but with time simple activities such as holding a cup, eating, talking and writing can become a problem, severally effecting quality of life. As it is a genetically inherited condition there is no known way to prevent it.