What Is Scleroderma is a rare disease which causes tightening and hardening of skin and connective tissues with various degrees of tissue fibrosis and chronic inflammation. It is not exclusive for the skin only and can effect blood vessels, internal organs and digestive tract as well. Old aged people ranging from 30-50 years of age are likeier to be effected with female predominance.
The disease is found worldwide with 4-9 times higher risk in females and 10 times higher in blacks than whites. Localized cutaneous scleroderma patients have 10-year survival rate of 71% while it reduces to 21% for diffused type of the disease.
Morphea scleroderma (mor-FEE-uh) is an uncommon skin situation that causes reddish or purplish patches on your skin.
The major scleroderma causes is collagen excessive production and accumulation in the tissues. The exact machine of this collagen buildup is unknown but an autoimmune disorder is the most likely candidate. Silica dust and poly vinyl chloride exposure increase the risk of development the problem.
Scleroderma symptoms can be localized or systemic. Localized scleroderma causes symptoms on hands and face causing hair loss, skin hardness, stiffness, white lumps beneath the skin, ulcers on figure tips and toes, Reynaud’s phenomenon and shining skin with oval shaped or straight lined patches. Bone and muscle symptoms include joint pain, numbness in feet, pain, stiffness and swelling in joints and wrist pain. Scaring in lungs can lead to breathing problems such as dry cough, shortness of breath and wheezing. Gastrointestinal symptoms can also be seen these include bloating after meals, constipation, diarrhea, dyspahgea, heartburn and uncontrolled anal sphincters.
Scleroderma diagnosis can be tricky as it have a wide clinical variation. The diagnosis is based on general physical examination, chest X-ray, CT scan of lungs, electrocardiogram, urine DR and skin biopsy.
The complications vary according to the site of appearance of symptoms. Severe Reynaud’s phenomenon can lead to permanent tissue damage, pulmonary fibrosis can cause reduced lung function, scleroderma in kidneys can lead to elevated blood pressure and decreased glomerular filtration rate. Scleroderma on heart can lead to complications like arrhythmias and pericarditis. Sexual dysfunction and alternate episodes of diarrhea and constipation can also be experienced.
No specific medical product is available for scleroderma treatment but symptoms can be controlled by scleroderma herbal product. Doctor may prescribe medications to control blood pressure, ant-acids, immune system suppressors and analgesics but all these medications have severe side effects. On the other hand scleroderma herbal product is completely safe for use as it is made up of natural products.