Archive | February 2014

Scleroderma, causes, symptoms, scleroderma treatment

What Is Scleroderma is a rare disease which causes tightening and hardening of skin and connective tissues with various degrees of tissue fibrosis and chronic inflammation. It is not exclusive for the skin only and can effect blood vessels, internal organs and digestive tract as well. Old aged people ranging from 30-50 years of age are likeier to be effected with female predominance.

Scleroderma epidemiology:

The disease is found worldwide with 4-9 times higher risk in females and 10 times higher in blacks than whites. Localized cutaneous scleroderma patients have 10-year survival rate of 71% while it reduces to 21% for diffused type of the disease.

Morphea scleroderma:

Morphea scleroderma (mor-FEE-uh) is an uncommon skin situation that causes reddish or purplish patches on your skin.

Scleroderma causes:

The major scleroderma causes is collagen excessive production and accumulation in the tissues. The exact machine of this collagen buildup is unknown but an autoimmune disorder is the most likely candidate. Silica dust and poly vinyl chloride exposure increase the risk of development the problem.

Scleroderma symptoms:

Scleroderma symptoms can be localized or systemic. Localized scleroderma causes symptoms on hands and face causing hair loss, skin hardness, stiffness, white lumps beneath the skin, ulcers on figure tips and toes, Reynaud’s phenomenon and shining skin with oval shaped or straight lined patches. Bone and muscle symptoms include joint pain, numbness in feet, pain, stiffness and swelling in joints and wrist pain. Scaring in lungs can lead to breathing problems such as dry cough, shortness of breath and wheezing. Gastrointestinal symptoms can also be seen these include bloating after meals, constipation, diarrhea, dyspahgea, heartburn and uncontrolled anal sphincters.

Scleroderma diagnosis:

Scleroderma diagnosis can be tricky as it have a wide clinical variation. The diagnosis is based on general physical examination, chest X-ray, CT scan of lungs, electrocardiogram, urine DR and skin biopsy.

 Scleroderma complications:

The complications vary according to the site of appearance of symptoms. Severe Reynaud’s phenomenon can lead to permanent tissue damage, pulmonary fibrosis can cause reduced lung function, scleroderma in kidneys can lead to elevated blood pressure and decreased glomerular filtration rate. Scleroderma on heart can lead to complications like arrhythmias and pericarditis. Sexual dysfunction and alternate episodes of diarrhea and constipation can also be experienced.

Scleroderma treatment:

No specific medical product is available for scleroderma treatment but symptoms can be controlled by scleroderma herbal product. Doctor may prescribe medications to control blood pressure, ant-acids, immune system suppressors and analgesics but all these medications have severe side effects. On the other hand scleroderma herbal product is completely safe for use as it is made up of natural products.

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Treatment of Eye Bags, Causes, Symptoms, Complications

What Are Eye bags, also known as peri-orbital puffiness is a physiological or sometimes pathological condition characterized by the swelling of tissues below the eyes. It may be age-related or disease-related leading to gradual or rapid weakening of supporting tissues around the eyes. It is rarely associated with any serious medical disorder but becomes a reason of cosmetic concern in many patients.

CAUSES OF EYE BAGS:

Many eye bags causes have been identified by the physicians but their prominence is associated with senility and fatigue. As muscles get weak with age, migration of fat occurs from below the eyes, which otherwise support it, this redistributed fat presents itself under the eyes as eye bags. Eye puffiness is also seen in patients with irregular sleep cycles. Any fluid retention disease of the body such as excessive salt consumption, pregnancy or menstrual hormonal changes in female leads to puffiness of eyes due to retention and accumulation of fluid in subcutaneous tissues. Stress and fatigue that is occuring as a result of chronic alcohol abuse and smoking, ultimately leads to eye bags. Allergic conditions also produce eye bags due to leakage from highly permeable capillaries. Eye bag is associated with diseases such as periorbital cellulitis, nephritic syndrome, trypanosomiasis, superior vena caval onstruction, trichinosis, polyneuropathies etc

SYMPTOMS OF EYE BAGS:

Saggy loose skin will be present around the eyes along with dark circles surrounding the eye, constituting symptoms of eye bags. Swelling under the eyes will also lead to excessive watering from the eyes.

COMPLICATIONS OF EYE BAGS:

Complications of eye bags include the presence of persistent and severe swelling around the eyes which will not regress even with the appropriate medical treatment. Eyes may become red. Itching and pain is also experienced by the patient. If swelling occurs in other parts of the body as well such as legs it presents as a matter of serious concern.

How to Get Rid of Eye Bag:

Since we comprehend the primary driver of the situation, now we can address the cures on how to get rid of eye bag issues.

There are likewise eye creams that can assist to Eye Bags Removal. The most excellent eye cream works fast. You can apply it all over twice per day or as coordinated.

TREATMENT OF EYE BAGS:

Eye bags Treatment is symptomatic and depends upon on the underlying cause however excessive swelling due to fluid retention can be reversed by consumption of plenty of water. This will drain the excessive salts from the body. Avoidance of alcohol, coffee etc is advised, cold compresses are indicated to treat the patient. Soothing effect can be provided by putting cucumber pieces over the eyes. Sliced potato and wet tea bags are used as astringents. Change in sleeping posture also helps. Treatment of cause treats the condition. Good care of face, moisturization of skin and use of sunscreen is advised to the patient along with therapy with vitamin A, E and C. senility related eye bags can only be treated by surgical procedures like blepharoplasty which is associated with pain and side effects. Eye bags herbal product made from pure herbs, contains all the extracts needed to provide soothing effect to the eyes and completely cures the condition by eliminating the swelling and puffiness by the herbal mixture’s strength.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa causes, symptoms, treatment

Hidradenitis Suppurativa is a chronic skin condition characterized by formation of abscesses and cysts varying in sizes from as small as a pea to as large as a tennis ball. Most common sites are the areas bearing large number of sebaceous and apocrine sweat glands such as armpits, groin, buttocks and under breasts. The lesion may suppurate. Hidradenitis Suppurativa develops usually after puberty and gradually worsens over time unless proper treatment is done. It is also known as acne inversa.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa causes:

There are many hidradenitis Suppurativa causes including smoking, obesity, genetics, excessive sweating, autoimmune disorders and hormonal imbalance. These factors either individually or collectively will lead to hair follicle blockage and inflammation

Hidradenitis Suppurativa epidemiology:

 It is very rare disease affecting around one percent of the population only, occurring in adolescents. The condition is three times more common in females then in males. The prognosis of the disease is normally good with only stage 3 leading to complications and eventually death.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa stages:

There are three stages of the disease. Stage 1 is characterized by multiple isolated abscesses, recurrent wide spread lesions are the characteristic of stage 2 while stage 3 is characterized by diffused involvement of the skin.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa symptoms:

In its early stages hidradenitis Suppurativa symptoms resembles to that of pimples and boils. They can appear as black heads, red tender bumps and painful lumps. With the progression of disease person develop painful breakouts that heal and reappear, rupture and leakage of foul smelling fluid from the lesion, spongy skin with the formation of tunnel like tracks within the skin, formation of scars with healing which tends to thicken with time, skin infections and skin cancer.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa complications:

Most dreaded hidradenitis Suppurativa complication is skin cancer. Other complications of hidradenitis Suppurativa include scaring of the skin, restriction of movement due to open painful sores, obstruction of lymph drainage, local and systemic infections, anemia and social isolation due to continuous dribbling puss and foul smell from the lesion.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa diagnosis:

Diagnosis is done on the basis of clinical examination. The sample of pus is taken and cultured for finding possible infection.

Hidradenitis suppurativa Surgery:

Hidradenitis suppurativa Surgery is very precious in the chronic and recurring stages of hidradenitis suppurativa.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa treatment:

The hidradenitis Suppurativa treatment is directed towards management of symptoms and controlling the development of new lesions. Hidradenitis Suppurativa herbal product is the best available treatment for hidradenitis Suppurativa. Normally doctors prescribe antibiotics, corticosteroids, and tumor necroting factor inhibitors which have many side effects such as osteoporosis and heart failure however hidradenitis Suppurativa herbal product is completely free of these side effects as it is made of totally natural products.

Hydrocele causes, symptoms, treatment of hydrocele

A fluid filled sac in the sctrotum, surrounding testicles is called hydrocele. The clear yellow colored fluid is accumulated between vesicular and parietal areas of the tunica vaginalis . This disease can be acute or chronic and can be unilateral or bilateral. Acute hydrocele is usually painful while chronic condition lacks pain but presents with sensation of discomfort. Acute hydrocele of spermathic cord can lead to testicular ischemia. It is can occur in both newborns and adults.

Hyderocele epidemiology:

The disease effect 10 -60/1000 infants and 10/1000 adults. Exclusively a male disease but a hydrocele can be seen in a newborn baby girl at the canal of nuck of labia.

Hydrocele causes:

The most common hydrocele causes in infants are incomplete closer of processus vaginalis and lack of drainage of residual peritoneal fluid. In old age hydrocele is caused due to trauma, ischemia, infection, testicular tumor and increased intra abdominal pressure. Rarely can it be caused in cases of ipsilateral renal transplant and due to filariasis.

 Hydrocele risk factors:

There are many risk factors which are associated with the development of  this disease it includes premature and low-birth-weight infants, indirect inguinal hernia, primary testicular/intrascrotal pathology, trauma, surgery, increased intra-abdominal pressure, lymphatic obstruction, ventriculoperitoneal shunt, peritoneal dialysis, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome bladder exstrophy.

Hydrocele symptoms:

Mostly there are no hydrocele symptoms but it can sometimes cause pain, swelling, redness, and pressure at the base of penis.

Hydrocele diagnosis:

Hydrocele diagnosis is done on the basis of scrotal examination, urine test and illumination test but only an ultrasound can confirm the diagnosis.

Hydrocele treatment:

Hydrocele hearbal product is the best available hydrocele treatment. It causes drying up of the fluid and the symptoms are subsided with in no time. Needle aspiration can be done for the removal of the fluid but an invasive procedure might be unnecessary.

Hydrocele repair:

Hydrocele repair is surgery to accurate the swelling of the scrotum that occurs while you have a hydrocele. A hydrocele is the backup of fluid around a testicle. Kid boys a few times have a hydrocele at birth. Hydroceles also occur in older boys and men.

Hydrocele Surgery:

Fluid can also be expelled from a hydrocele with a needle. In several case, hydroceles that are suctioned frequently go back, and Hydrocele Surgery might then be necessary.

Hydrocele complications:

It is generally not a dangerous condition and do not lead to infertility but can cause infection, tumor or inguinal hernia.

Hydrocele screaning:

Infants with indirect inguinal hernia causing hydrocele should be giving an exploratory on the other side to determine the need for ligation. Patent processus vagenalis on the contralateral side can be accessed through endoscopy which has an advantage of being less invasive.

Hydrocele prevention:

For infants prevention of lymphatic obstruction and ligation of tunica vaginalis can minimize the risk of developing hydrocele while for adults minimizing the potential for trauma and preventive measures against the sexualy transmitted diseases can be helpful.  

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia causes, symptoms, treatment

Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia is chronic malignant lymphoproliferative disorder which is a type of non Hodgkin lymphoma. It is characterized by elevated blood viscosity due to increases immunoglobulin M (IgM) and bone marrow lymphocytic infiltrates. The clinical picture of Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia is similar to that of multiple myeloma with the exception of increased organomegaly and decreased incidence of lytic bone disease and renal disease. It is also known as lymphocytic lymphoma or immunocytom and occurs in less than 2% of patients mostly elderly.

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia epidemiology:

It is a fairly uncommon disease and account for only 2% of all hematological malignancies. Incidence rate is higher in white people then in blacks mostly presenting in seventh of eight decade of life with male predominance.

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia causes:

Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia causes is uncontrolled proliferation of differentiated B lymphocytes. The underlining cause is not yet knows but mutation in chromosome 6 is expected. Environmental, genetic, familial and viral factors are established as a cause. Predisposing risk factor are autoimmune diseases, hepatitis, HIV and rickettsiosis.

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia symptoms:

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia symptoms are caused due to elevated levels of IgM which include epistaxis, headache, dizziness, blurring and loss of vision, tiredness, night sweats, pain and numbness in extremities, hepatomegaly, spleenomegaly, and lymphadenomathy.

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia diagnosis:

Diagnosis is done on the basis of blood CP, urine DR and bone marrow biopsy. The family history of Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia or another lymphoproliferative is usually present.

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia treatment:

There is no permanent Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia treatment but plasmapheresis can be done to remove unwanted IgM from the blood. Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia herbal product is very effective in the treatment of this disease as it is composed of totally natural products it not only treats the symptoms but also treat the underlining cause. This herbal product markedly reduces IgM. Other treatments also cause relapse of Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia but this herbal product does not.

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia complications:

It can lead to many complications such as hyper viscosity syndrome, visual disturbances, diarrhea and mal absorption, amyloidosis, bleeding problems due to defective platelet function and coagulation factor, Reynaud phenomenon, increased infections, cardiac failure and leukemias.

Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia prognosis:

Different tests to determine the prognosis are done. Patients with nodular involvement show better prognosis than those with diffuse involvement. An average survival rate is 6-7 years. Infections, cardiac failure, renal failure, stroke and GI bleeding are usually the end stage event which leads to death. Prognosis is poor if patient’s age is above 65 years.

Burning Mouth Syndrome Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Burning mouth syndrome is characterized by recurrent burning sensation effecting tongue, palate, lips or whole mouth. The disease incidence is higher in middle aged and old women but can affect a person of any age. Burning mouth syndrome normally occurs in association with other dental diseases or diseases effecting mouth. It is also known as scalded mouth syndrome, burning lip syndrome, burning tongue syndrome, stomatodynia and glossodynia.

Burning mouth syndrome epidemiology:

Burning mouth syndrome is only 4% prevalent with effecting women 3-7 times more than men with no racial predilection. Patients with gastro intestinal and urogenital disease are more at risk of developing this disease.

Burning mouth syndrome causes:

The exact burning mouth syndrome causes is unknown but it can be divided into primary idiopathic whose cause is unknown and  secondary burning mouth syndrome which can be caused due to nerve damage controlling pain and taste, hormonal changes, xerostmia, nutritional deficiencies, oral candidiasis, gastro intestinal reflex disease, allergies, anxiety, Sjögren Syndrome, anemia, diabetes, leukoplakia, mandibular fracture, radiation induced stomatitis, nasal obstraction , scleroderma and depression.  The proposed mechanism with which these conditions lead to burning mouth syndrome is changes in nociceptive fibers by neuropathic ways.

Burning mouth syndrome symptoms:

The burning mouth syndrome symptoms include bilaterally burning mouth, deep oral mucosal pain, xerostomia, dysgeusia, taste changes such as metallic tastes. The symptoms are present for at least 4-6 months and are aggravated with eating and drinking. With progression taste can be completely lost. Burning is the main presenting symptom.

Burning mouth syndrome diagnosis:

There is no particular test for burning mouth syndrome diagnosis instead it is done on the basis of exclusion of other diseases. For this, oral cultures, biopsies, allergy tests, gastric reflex tests, MRI and CT scans are done.

Burning mouth syndrome treatment:

Burning mouth syndrome treatment is based on the underlining cause and presentation of symptoms. Burning mouth syndrome herbal product is the best available treatment for burning mouth syndrome. It is made of total natural products and not only treat the underlying cause but also release uncomfortable symptoms.

Burning mouth syndrome complications:

Burning mouth syndrome can usually cause complication due to associated discomfort. This includes difficulty in sleeping, depression, anxiety and difficulty in eating.

Burning mouth syndrome prevention:

There is no way for prevention of burning mouth syndrome but the discomfort can be reduced by avoiding tobacco, acidic and spicy food, carbonated beverages, and stress.